The fecal occult blood test kit is used to detect the presence of blood in stool (feces).
Features of the Fecal Occult Blood Test Kit -iFOBT Test
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A fecal occult blood test kit is a rapid, qualitative sandwich immunoassay that can be used to detect blood in the stool (feces) that is otherwise invisible to the naked eye. If there is blood in the stool this means there is likely a an issue with bleeding within the digestive tract. This can be caused by various gastrointestinal issues including hemorroids, polyps, diverticulosis, colitis, and ulcers. Blood in the stool can also be a sign of colorectal cancer, which is a form of cancer that starts in the rectum or colon. A fecal occult blood test kit can be a valuable tool in reveling the early signs of colorectal cancer, when treatment will be most effective. By revealing the existence of cancers early with a fecal occult blood test kit, when the cancers are small before they metastasize patients can be cured through surgery. According to the American Cancer Society Colorectal Cancer is the third most common cancer diagnosed in both men and women within the United States, excluding skin cancers.
A fecal occult blood test kit is an important tool in screening for the early signs of colon cancer but, since it only detects a subset of pre-cancerous and cancerous polyps it must be accompanied by further testing. An endoscopic examination of the colon is recommended. By using a fecal occult blood test kit to reveal the early onset of cancer patients are able to get the necessary treatment to most often beat the cancer.
Colorectal cancer is a disease that originates within the rectum or colon where abnormal cells start to divide uncontrollably eventually forming a malignant tumor. The cancer tends to begin as a polyp which is an aberrant growth that will then line the inner wall of the colon and rectum. Polyps are much more likely to occur in people over the age of 50 with the large majority not turning cancerous. Certain types of polyps called adonema have a much higher chance of turning into cancer.