Drug testing is something that a person may undergo in several scenarios. A drug test may be requested while interviewing for a new job, randomly throughout employment, as part of medical treatment, or before or after a criminal conviction.
Most opioid panels test for two specific metabolites: morphine, and 6-acetylmorphine, the latter unique to heroin. However, some substances are not as easy to detect, such as the case with Buprenorphine, the opioid ingredient in Suboxone, which will not appear in an opioid drug test. Buprenorphine is a synthetic opioid, not an opiate, and does not metabolize as morphine, so it will not show up on a general opiate or opioid panel.
That is why Buprenorphine can be identified in drug testing options that explicitly include Buprenorphine, like a 12-panel drug test with Buprenorphine. Thanks to the nature of this substance, answering some questions will help to understand why this substance is tested.
What is Buprenorphine (or BUP)?
Buprenorphine is a partial opioid agonist, making it an ideal treatment solution for weaning someone off a highly potent opioid such as heroin. Buprenorphine is frequently used in drug therapy because it produces significant effects, such as euphoria, but is much less addictive and helps to suppress symptoms of opioid withdrawal. Sometimes, Buprenorphine is used with Naloxone (an opioid antagonist that blocks the effects of opioid drugs) to treat opioid use disorder, with positive long-term outcomes. This combination is sold under the brand name Suboxone.
However, Buprenorphine produces more effects only until a certain point as more of the drug is ingested. It eventually reaches a plateau, and an increase in dosage of the drug will no longer produce any increase in feelings of euphoria.
What is the use of Buprenorphine?
There is a well-known and documented systemic problem with prescription drugs in the United States where people have become addicted to them. These are some of the most addictive and dangerous prescription opioids:
• Hydrocodone (Vicodin)
• Oxycodone (OxyContin, Percocet)
• Oxymorphone (Opana)
• Morphine (Kadian, Avinza)
Buprenorphine is used to treat the addiction to opioids and narcotic drugs. Buprenorphine belongs to a class of drugs called mixed opioid agonist-antagonists. This drug helps prevent some of the stress, discomfort, and other withdrawal symptoms caused when you stop taking narcotic drugs. It is often used as part of drug cleansing treatment programs to manage and eliminate drug abuse by addicted people.
What effects bring the abuse of Buprenorphine?
Buprenorphine drug use may result in side effects. Some of these may include:
• Difficulty sleeping
• Changes in vision
• Pain in stomach
Abuse of Buprenorphine may lead to more severe side effects. These can include seizures, difficulty breathing, lowered heart rate, and even coma or death.
Does Buprenorphine show up in a drug test?
Buprenorphine is classified as a Schedule III narcotic under the Controlled Substances Act and should only be used as instructed by a qualified medical professional. And a drug test can determine if an individual is misusing or abusing this drug and potentially even open the door to recovery for someone who may be at risk for addiction.
As previously said, Buprenorphine must be precisely tested to show up on a drug test, which is still not commonly included on standard drug screen panels. Buprenorphine will not cause a progressive result on tests for other opiates. Most drug screens look for opiates with high rates of abuse, which are commonly semisynthetic. They detect drugs by the metabolites they produce, the substances created when the drug interacts with the body. As Buprenorphine is a synthetic opioid, its metabolites are relatively different from commonly abused drugs and will not be false positives for said opiates.
How long does Buprenorphine stay in your system?
When you take an adequate dose of Buprenorphine, this drug will stay in your system for 24 to 60 hours. However, Buprenorphine can be detected with drug tests for 7-10 days at distinctive doses. This time might vary significantly with much higher or much lower doses and the individual's metabolism rate.
Another factor affecting the time this drug stays in your body is how long you have consumed it. Buprenorphine is a substance that builds over time in the body. This means that the longer you take Buprenorphine, the more likely you will get a positive result after regular detection times.
To know if Buprenorphine will be detected, you can purchase your test kit ahead of time, like Halux Diagnostic's 12-panel drug test cup for Buprenorphine, and monitor the detectable levels of Buprenorphine to aid in scheduling the employer's drug test.
Our 12-panel drug test cup w/6AD is a self-contained and fully integrated testing device that detects both drug metabolites in urine and adulterants to ensure that the sample hasn't been tampered with. The 6 adulterants tested are oxidants, specific gravity, pH, nitrite, glutaraldehyde, and creatinine. All our drug testing cups are both FDA-510k approved and CLIA-waived. You will see results in 5 minutes or even less, saving you time by not having to wait for the typical 24-48 hour waiting period of a laboratory.
Our MDC-6125AD configuration for the 12-panel drug test cup w/6AD includes some of the most commonly abused drugs that are frequently tested for: Cocaine, Marijuana, Opiates 300ng, Amphetamines, Methamphetamine, Ecstasy, Oxycodone, Benzodiazepines, Barbiturates, Methadone, Phencyclidine, and Buprenorphine, plus the 6 adulterants.
Some instant home drug tests, like Halux Diagnostic's drug test cups and dips, have over 99% accuracy in detecting drugs that fall within each substance's cut-off levels. However, if a more sensitive test is required, the results must go through laboratory testing.
The benefits of our 12-Panel Drug Test Cup w/6AD are:
• CLIA-Waived and FDA 510k approved
• 99% accuracy
• 6 Adulterant tests
• Flat front for photocopying
• Quick results
• Easy to use
• Temperature strip included
For additional information about drug testing products, drug tests, and any other concerns, don't hesitate to get in touch with us: